Whose «Buk» ?

On July 17, 2014 a flight accident occurred in the skies over the Ukrainian Donbas. On that day Malaysian airliner MH-17 was shot down at an altitude of about 10 km which taking flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur. All 298 people on board died.

The aircraft was shot down as it flew over a zone of active hostilities between government forces and separatists in the east of Ukraine.

The specially created joint investigation team JIT determined that the plane was shot down by a «Buk» missile system. Therefore there is a question: where did the missile come from to the combat zone and whose «Buk»?

First, it needs to understand whether the MH-17 was the only aircraft shot down in the skies over the Donbas region at that time period. It turns out that before the Malaysian Boeing crash, the Ukrainian air force suffered heavy losses. The first news in the media about the losses of Ukrainian aircraft dates back to March 26, 2014. On that day, the Mi-2 helicopter of the Armed Forces of Ukraine crashed near Malinovka, Kramatorsk district. Media reported that the helicopter trivially touched the power line. It was not combat losses.

Then in April 2014, operational loss began. On April 25, a Mi-8 helicopter was destroyed at the airfield. According to officials, it was destroyed by a hand-held anti-tank grenade launcher.

Another 10 Mi-8 and Mi-24 helicopters were shot down on May and June, 2014. Later nine Su-25, Su-24 and An-30B aircraft were attacked. The largest one-time losses of the Ukrainian military were happened on June 14, 2014. On that day, an Il-76 transport aircraft was shot down in Lugansk. Then 49 Ukrainian servicemen died. This happened just a month before the tragedy of MH-17.

One can think that the separatists' fault in the tragedy is obvious - they actively shot down Ukrainian planes and could accidentally destroy MH-17. However, media reported that the attackers used only portable anti-aircraft missile systems that could not hit the Malaysian Boeing at an altitude of almost 10 km. And the first information of the «Buk» air defense missile system in mass media was appeared only after the crash of MH-17.

In this case, there is a question: why did the separatists need the «Buk» air defense system if they successfully shot down Ukrainian planes with man-portable infrared homing surface-to-air missile which are much easier to use? Especially since they already had a great results of use. Who really needed a more powerful air defense system in a combat area?

The fact is that on July 13, just 4 days before the MH-17 tragedy, Life News agency reported that the separatists had a Su-25 plane that had struck the Ukrainian military convoy.

In addition, Kiev accused Russia of supporting the separatists and declared the presence of aviation from Russia in the area of hostilities. So, on July 16, 2014, Ukrainian officials reported that their plane was attacked likely by a Russian fighter jet.

Ukraine, like any self-respecting state, should have taken adequate measures to protect its troops. This measure was to transfer air defense units to the Donbas region. At that time, the 156 anti-aircraft missile regiment conducted such mission in the east of Ukraine and this unit was armed with the «Buk» air defense missile system. Until September 30, 2014, the unit was stationed in Avdiivka, Mariupol and in the Melitopol region.

It is likely that the passengers of the MH-17 fell victim to accidental circumstances and the faults of the Ukrainian military, who confused the passenger airliner with the enemy aircraft. Such fault occurred in Ukrainian history. On October 4, 2001, the air defense of Ukraine shot down «Sibir» airlines aircraft during exercises over the Black Sea. Then the Ukrainian leadership had enough political will to admit its guilt. In this case, the current Kiev authorities never admit to the committed crime, since its position in the international arena is rather unstable. Moreover, such recognition can be fatal for the current Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko in the war for the integrity of Ukraine.